Practical and Helpful Tips: Labs
The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.